Solving the data quality challenge as ESG investing surges ahead

16 November 2022
| By partnerarticle |

While investing with an ESG focus presents a huge opportunity, it also presents a significant challenge. Consistent and quality data is at the forefront of this challenge. Coupled with increasing guidelines and regulations, obtaining an accurate picture of ESG investments remains a tortuous journey. In this environment, it is important to be informed writes Philippe Tassin, Head of Asset Owner and Manager Client Lines APAC, at BNP Paribas, following his recent panel session at the Fund Business Investment Data & Technology Summit in Australia.

Global environmental, social and governance (ESG) assets are forecast to exceed US$50 trillion by 2025, representing more than a third of the $140.5 trillion of total global assets under management.  

Evaluation of ESG factors, where the ‘E’ represents areas such as energy, climate risk, biodiversity, water, waste, and pollution; the ‘S’ covers areas such as human rights, consumer protection and workforce related rights; and the ‘G’ comprises issues including board independence, business ethics, anti-bribery, and top executive remuneration, is now recognised as an increasingly important investment input around the globe. 

Furthermore, a BNP Paribas ESG survey conducted in 2021 confirmed the main reason for integrating ESG into portfolios is reputational and brand risk, overtaking returns as the primary ESG driver and signaling the growing importance of ESG as a societal issue. 


Attaining consistent and quality data, though, continues to be the number one challenge and a key barrier to ESG integration. At present, there are still no universal reporting standards and data sets can be highly varied. 


ESG and regulation driving change in Australia


Europe has long been a pacesetter in terms of ESG regulation. The European Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation (SFDR) is now in its next phase with the aim of improving comparability between ESG investments by prescribing standardised disclosure metrics. Taxonomies are being developed which offer a classification of activities and assets with the aim of fighting greenwashing and further clarifying the path to transition. 


Climate change regulations are also touching financial institutions and listed companies throughout Europe and the world in line with guidelines supported by organisations such as the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD). 


Local asset owners and asset managers in our industry recognise that we are in an increasingly interconnected global investment market.  ESG regulatory developments in Europe, in particular, often flow to local markets such as Australia and the Pacific region. For example, SFDR appears to be driving standards beyond its home jurisdiction – and will soon impact investors here in Australia. 


“As the foremost and only European-heritage custodian in the local market, we are well positioned to keep abreast of these trends and provide a leading position on what we expect will impact the operations of local asset owners and managers here, both now and in the future.” 

says Philippe Tassin, Head of Asset Owners & Managers Asia Pacific


We are constantly scanning the horizon with respect to ESG trends, adopting a forward-looking approach rather than a reactive one. Our European heritage also means we are on top of upcoming changes to the European Commission’s Sustainable Finance Action plan and can report in a timely way on key milestones.


Building structures and frameworks


In response to such regulatory change, we are building data structures and frameworks, ensuring we are agile, adaptable, and globally scalable for all regulations. ESG is also a part of our culture via mandatory training for our own staff, including objective setting, and the solutions we develop for our clients. 


We hold regular ESG-related regulatory briefings with our clients, thought leaders from the industry, and have a structured regulatory programme in place to keep our clients up to date on upcoming changes and what they need to do to meet new requirements. BNP Paribas’s Securities Services business line is working with local regulators and other organisations in this respect.  


We also continue to monitor upcoming deadlines such as non-financial undertakings, involving the disclosure by entities of information on the proportion of the turnover, capital expenditure and operating expenditure of their activities related to assets or processes associated with environmentally sustainable economic activities.  In addition, over the next few years, the will be a need for financial undertakings such as asset managers, credit institutions, and investment firms to comply with detailed disclosure obligations.  


While APAC disclosure guideline or regulation do not incorporate any direct penalties for non-compliance now, over the next few years, the need to comply with detailed disclosure obligations is likely to become mandatory. For example, the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority released the Prudential Practice Guide CPG 229 Climate Change Financial Risk with updated reporting standards last year. In addition, a number of regulators across the region are starting to launch disclosure reporting regulations. New Zealand, for instance, is the first country in the world to pass a law to require financial organisations to disclose climate-related risks.


Tackling data challenges


There are numerous initiatives around the world striving to resolve ESG data challenges. In Europe, the EU taxonomy and SFDR is aiming to address this with respect to sustainable investments.  While in Australia, there is no such targeted regulation in place yet, the market regulators are paying close attention and have been providing ongoing guidance – the recent Australian Securities and Investments Commission guidance on avoiding greenwashing in investment products1 being a case in point. Likewise, the Australian Sustainable Finance Institute – a financial services market driven initiative - has embarked on a project developing an Australian taxonomy for sustainable investments aiming to agree on a common language in sustainable investing.


One of the main challenges is that there are many initiatives trying to achieve similar objectives, but with different requirements. While the intentions are well meaning, there is the risk that instead of simplifying the ESG framework, it creates further complications and introduces a degree of red tape and costs.


“One of the main challenges is that there are many initiatives trying to achieve similar objectives, but with different requirements. While the intentions are well-meaning, there is the risk that instead of simplifying the ESG framework, it creates further complications and introduces a degree of red tape and costs.” 

Says Tassin


Asset owners and managers, here and overseas, are tackling data challenges in different ways. Some use multiple data sources where they compare and find denominators or alternatively, identify a single classification of source of truth. As an example, 73% of the asset owners and managers BNP Paribas surveyed as part of its ESG research declared that they use three to six sources. They use processes to ensure data transparency and how each rating is produced and by whom. For advanced data quality, firms tend to do their own internal research, develop proprietary scores and in doing so, leverage their in-house technology. 


Harnessing insights from data


At BNP Paribas, our ability to harness insights from data is a key point of differentiation. We have launched our open-architecture ESG platform Manaos*, which connects institutional investors and asset managers to the market’s leading ESG data vendors and service providers. With the growing need for organisations to use different sources to comply and monitor with ESG standards, Manaos offers an ‘app store’ like experience where clients can assess the sustainability of their portfolios across a range of use cases and methodologies. Manaos is adding new data providers every quarter and currently has more than 30 applications live on its platform, with more on the way. 


We also have specialists in the region dedicated to ESG and are one of the first in Australia to provide DaaS – cloud-based software tools used for working with data.


In the meantime, we have enhanced our front-to-back solution with the ability to provide custody servicing execution including back office, middle office, collateral management, and reporting services. We have built additional dealing services desk in Hong Kong to meet the growing demand from asset managers to optimise the execution of their market transactions in the region. This is helping Australian clients to focus on entering new markets and asset classes, such as private capital and other unlisted markets and their measurement, which BNP Paribas also supports.


Committing to ESG


With so many ESG regulatory changes and developments in train, BNP Paribas is reaffirming its commitment to the local market and continues to be a world-leader in ESG data management. With more regulation likely ahead, it is critical that Australian fund managers continue to keep in mind upcoming changes. At the same time, companies recognise that adopting ESG processes is more than just box-ticking and is essential for bolstering their reputations and enhancing the relationship with their own stakeholders. 


 ESG Assets Rising to $50 Trillion Will Reshape $140.5 Trillion of Global AUM by 2025, Finds Bloomberg Intelligence | Press | Bloomberg LP

2 Taxonomy — ASFI

* Manaos is a BNP Paribas platform in a separate legal entity – 100% owned by BNP Paribas Securities Services.




The information contained within this document (‘information’) is believed to be reliable but neither BNP Paribas nor any of its branches or affiliates (hereinafter collectively, “BNP Paribas”) warrants its completeness or accuracy. Opinions and estimates contained herein constitute BNP Paribas’ judgment and are subject to change without notice. BNP Paribas and its directors, officers and/or employees shall not be liable for any errors, omissions or opinions contained within this document, nor for any direct or consequential losses arising from any action taken in connection with or reliance on the information. This material is not intended as an offer or solicitation for the purchase or sale of any financial instrument or service, and is not intended for retail investors. The information does not constitute legal, financial, tax or professional advice, is general in nature and does not take into account your individual objectives, financial situation or needs. You should obtain your own independent professional advice before making any decision in relation to this information. For the avoidance of doubt, any information contained within this document will not form an agreement between parties. Additional information is available on request.


The contents hereof may not be reproduced (in whole or in part) without the prior written consent of BNP Paribas. The use of any trademarks and logos displayed herein is strictly prohibited unless written permission for such use is obtained from BNP Paribas and/or, where relevant, such third party, which may own the trademarks and logos.


BNP Paribas is a significant credit institution that is authorised to perform banking activities and investment services under the law applicable in France and is subject to prudential supervision on a consolidated basis by the European Central Bank, in cooperation with the Autorité de contrôle prudentiel et de résolution. As a public listed company and as an investment service provider, BNP Paribas is also in France under the supervision of the Autorité des marchés financiers. Its registered office address is 16 boulevard des Italiens, 75009 Paris, France, and its website is


Services described in this document, if offered in Australia, are offered through BNP Paribas acting through its Australia Branch ABN 23 000 000 117 (“BNP Paribas”) and/or BNP Paribas Fund Services Australasia Pty Ltd ABN 71 002 655 674 (“BPFSA”). BNP Paribas is licensed in Australia as a foreign authorised deposit-taking institution by the Australian Prudential Regulation Authority and delivers financial services to clients under its Australian Securities & Investments Commission Australian Financial Services License (AFSL), No. 238043.  BPFSA is an Australian-incorporated company which is a wholly owned subsidiary of BNP Paribas and delivers financial services to clients under its AFSL No. 241080.  The Information is directed at wholesale clients only and is not intended for retail clients (as both terms are defined by the Corporations Act 2001, sections 761G and 761GA).


Services described in this document, if offered in New Zealand, are offered through BNP Paribas (“BNPP”) acting through its New Zealand Branch, New Zealand Companies Office (NZCO) registration number 8461981 and/or BNP Paribas Fund Services Australasia Pty Ltd (“BPFSA”) acting through its New Zealand Branch, NZCO registration number 1010736. BPFSA is an Australian-incorporated company which is a wholly owned subsidiary of BNPP. BPFSA is registered under the Financial Service Providers (Registration and Dispute Resolution) Act 2008. Neither BNPP nor BPFSA is licensed by a New Zealand regulator to provide financial services and BNPP’s and BPFSA’s registration on the New Zealand register of financial service providers does not mean that BNPP or BPFSA is subject to active regulation or oversight by a New Zealand regulator. NO BNP PARIBAS ENTITY IS A REGISTERED BANK IN NEW ZEALAND. The Information is intended for wholesale clients only, as such term is defined in the Financial Markets Conduct Act 2013.



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